The list of sources
1.Berdyaev N. Sub specie aeternitatis. Mocsow, Kann+, 2002.
2.Diligensky G., Chugrov S. “The West” in Russian mentality. Moscow, 2000.
3.Kasyanova K. On Russian national character. Moscow, 2004.
4.Sergeeva A. The Russians. The behaviour stereotypes, traditions, mentality. Moscow, Nauka, 1996.
As one can clearly see, the old stereotypes of critical self-assessment, i.e. lack of pragmatic incentives, lack of responsibility, have been deeply imbedded in national mentality.
In the late 1980s and 90s, between one-third to four-tenths of the general population shared these views. In another survey conducted in 1994, 76 percent of the respondents shared an opinion that “Russians do not like to work,” and only 6 percent expressed opposite views.
Positive compensatory qualities appear to be equally strong and persistent. An average Russian looks at himself/herself as lazy, passive, dependent of circumstances, though rather good-natured in human relations and, above all, stuck to an old principle of patience.
At the same time, the resul
Показать всеts of the same public opinion surveys demonstrate that stability of traditional stereotypes is far from being absolute. They are subject of changes under pressure of objective circumstances. The period of 1989 - 1994 was the time of such kind of radical changes. During this period, the socialist state paternalistic system was demolished; a new “wild market” structure emerged. New lines of divide are being formed, which stem from the degree of adaptation of the people to the new environment. Sociopsychological differentiation becomes more pronounced (this can be seen from the above table). Those who failed with their adaptation make use of “compensatory national stereotypes” of a sympathetic (though a bit naive and non-pragmatic) nation with patience as the ultimate value. Others realize that in order to adapt to the new environment they should get rid of these stereotypes and are in search of new qualities compatible with new conditions. Hence the radical change of stereotypes – the share of the respondents who point at Russians’ being fond of hard labor demonstrated in five years a 1.5 times increase, whereas their adherence to a participative pattern of behavior increased over three times. This may be interpreted as one more symptom of Russian flexibility and “openness.”
In conclusion it should be underlined once more that the Russian mentality is quite contradictory. This feature of Russian character is noted by all the researchers. To sum up all the aforesaid I would like to quote the survey, carried out by the newspaper “Argumenty I Facty”. In this survey the respondents had to answer the following question: “What is your intimate wish?” The answers to such a questionnaire can also characterize the values of people and the distinctive characteristics of their mentality. The results of the survey were the following:
To live in harmony with oneself and other people
To succeed in life Скрыть
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