It is generally assumed that if one wishes to work and fight for justice, then one should be active in politics. However, Socrates says, “ the true champion of justice, even if he wishes to survive for a short time, must necessarily confine himself to private life and leave politics alone.” Discuss this statement with reference to the life of Socrates. In what sense is he a champion of justice?
1.Coppens, Philip, (2008) Socrates, that’s the question, Feature Articles - Biographies.
2.Levinson, Paul (2007). The Plot to Save Socrates. New York: Tor Books
3.Luce, J.V. (1992). An Introduction to Greek Philosophy, Thames & Hudson, NY.
4.Maritain, J. (1930, 1991). Introduction to Philosophy, Christian Classics, Inc., Westminster, MD.
5.Taylor, C.C.W. , Hare, R.M. & Barnes, J. (1998). Greek Philosophers — Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, Oxford University Press, NY.
6.Taylor, C.C.W. (2001). Socrates: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Xenophon and Plato agree that Socrates had an opportunity to escape, as his followers were able to bribe the prison guards. He chose to stay for several reasons3:
1. He believed such a flight would indicate a fear of death, which he believed no true philosopher has.
2. If he fled Athens his teaching would fare no better in another country as he would continue questioning all he met and undoubtedly incur their displeasure.
3. Having knowingly agreed to live under the city's laws, he implicitly subjected himself to the possibility of being accused of crimes by its citizens and judged guilty by its jury. To do otherwise would have caused him to break his "social contract" with the state, and so harm the state, an act contrary to Socratic principle.
I think Socrates tried to explain his id
Показать всеea which he remarked In Apology4:
The true champion of justice, if he intends to survive even for a short time, must necessarily confine himself to private life and leave politics alone.
I think the most historically accurate of Socrates' offenses to the city was his position as a social and moral critic. Rather than upholding a status quo and accepting the development of immorality within his region, Socrates worked to undermine the collective notion of "might makes right" so common to Greece during this period. Plato refers to Socrates as the "gadfly" of the state (as the gadfly stings the horse into action, so Socrates stung Athens), insofar as he irritated the establishment with considerations of justice and the pursuit of goodness. His attempts to improve the Athenians' sense of justice may have been the source of his execution. Скрыть
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