Эссе на английском языке на тему: "Подходы к определению понятия страсти в западной философии".
The passion in western philosophy is one of the central concepts, which refers to the conception of subjectivity and personality. From the Latin «passio» - is action to bear, endure and suffer. And this meaning was actual before the emergence of the so-called modern philosophy approximately in the end of the nineteenth century.
Definitions of this term given by the «pre-modern» philosophers are rather significant. Descartes in his Treatise on the Passions describes the phenomenon like opposition to the action: «You can usually appoint passions all the thoughts that are excited in the soul without the help of the will, and therefore no action that comes from her only by the impressions that are in the brain, because anything that is not action is passion».
Spinoza in Ethics contrasts two terms in the same way, adding extra opposition of the order and the disorder: «I mean disorders of the body through which the power to act in this body is increased or diminished, helped or reduced, and at the same time, the ideas of these disorders. When we can be the adequate cause of one of those conditions, I mean by love action, in other cases a passion».
This definition of the passion as something which is beyond the normal state of a person and closely connected with the abnormal aspiration to the concrete goal can be find in Kant’s philosophy:
«The inclination that the reason the subject can not be controlled or managed with difficulty there is passion» Anthropology from a pragmatic point of view.
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