Аллитерация и ономатопея в коротком английском рассказе
1. Alliteration in English short stories
In our paper we analyze such stylistic devices as alliteration and onomatopoeia. With this purpose we use six short stories: “A Lickperry lover” by O’Henry, “Hop-Frog”, “The Tell-Tale Heart” and “A Man In the Crowd” by E.A. Poe, “Ming’s Biggest Prey” by P. Highsmith, “The Monkey's Paw” by W.W. Jacobs.
1.Galperin I.R. Stylistics. – M.: Higher School., 1977. – 335 p.
2.O’Henry A Lickperry lover. [Электронный ресурс]. Режим доступа: http://www.readbookonline.net/readOnLine/14970/
3.P. Highsmith Ming’s Biggest Prey / The Selected Stories of Patricia Highsmith. – Norton, 2005. – 736 p.
4.Jacobs W.W. The Monkey's Paw. [Электронный ресурс]. Режим доступа: http://gaslight.mtroyal.ca/mnkyspaw.htm
5.E.A. Poe Hop-Frog. [Электронный ресурс]. Режим доступа: http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/eapoe/bl-eapoe-hop.htm
6.E.A. Poe The Man of the Crowd. [Электронный ресурс]. Режим доступа: http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/eapoe/bl-eapoe-man.htm
7.E.A. Poe The Tell-Tale Heart. [Электронный ресурс]. Режим доступа: http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/poe/telltale.html
And then be felt a sudden tolerance for them, and an elating, courageous contempt for the conventions upon which he had fed, and an unhesitating determination to have this perfect creature for his own. (“A Lickperry lover”)
It is in my power to give you a life of luxury. My social position is beyond dispute, and my means are ample." (“A Lickperry lover”)
Tremblingly, awfully, her moth wings closed, and she seemed about to settle upon the flower of love. (“A Lickperry lover”)
You should have seen how wisely I proceeded --with what caution --with what foresight --with what dissimulation I went to work! I was never kinder to the old man than during the whole week before I killed him. (“The Tell-Tale Heart”)
Sometimes alliteration is used in the titles of books, in our case the examples ar
Показать всеe the following: A Lickperry lover, The Tell-Tale Heart.
Alliteration also may produce the effect of euphony (a sense of ease and comfort in pronouncing or hearing) or cacophony (a sense of strain and discomfort in pronouncing or hearing). For example:
A water-skier went by, skimming up white spray behind him. (“Ming’s Biggest Prey”) – cacophony.
The old woman with a sudden wrench broke free and ran from the room. He heard the chain rattle back and the bottom bolt drawn slowly and stiffly from the socket. (“The Monkey's Paw”) – cacophony.
"I suppose all old soldiers are the same," said Mrs White. "The idea of our listening to such nonsense! (“The Monkey's Paw”) – cacophony.
"Better let it burn," said the soldier solemnly. (“The Monkey's Paw”) – cacophony.
His host filled it for him. (“The Monkey's Paw”) – cacophony.
"Marry me, Masie," be whispered softly, "and we will go away from this ugly city to beautiful ones. (“A Lickperry lover”) – euphony.
And at length be reached the flimsy, fluttering little soul of the shopgirl that existed somewhere deep down in her lovely bosom. (“A Lickperry lover”) – euphony.
The sailboat now offered no shelter from the sun, but Ming was not yet too warm. (“Ming’s Biggest Prey”) - euphony.
Some scholars consider that alliteration is the repetition of initial letter. So according to them such examples may be also referred to alliteration:
She curved an arm, showing like Psyche's through her shirt-waist sleeve, and rested an elbow upon the show-case edge. (“A Lickperry lover”)
There is my name; I assure you that it is with the greatest respect that I ask the favor of becoming one of your --acquaintances. (“A Lickperry lover”)
The street-corner is her parlor, the park is her drawing-room; the avenue is her garden walk; yet for the most part she is as inviolate mistress of herself in them as is my lady inside her tapestried chamber. (“A Lickperry lover”)
I felt a calm but inquisitive interest in every thing. …(“The Man of the Crowd”)
I had been amusing myself for the greater part of the afternoon, now in poring over advertisements, now in observing the promiscuous company in the room, and now in peering through the smoky panes into the street. …(“The Man of the Crowd”)
…a countenance which at once arrested and absorbed my whole attention, on account of the absolute idiosyncrasy of its expression. …(“The Man of the Crowd”)
With some little difficulty I at length came within sight of him, approached, and followed him closely, yet cautiously, so as not to attract his attention. …(“The Man of the Crowd”)
A few minutes brought us to a large and busy bazaar, with the localities of which the stranger appeared well acquainted, and where his original demeanor again became apparent, as he forced his way to and fro, without aim, among the host of buyers and sellers. …(“The Man of the Crowd”)
So we may consider that alliteration is quite prevalent stylistic device in English short stories.
2. Onomatopoeia in English short story
In analyzed stories we have found 96 examples of onomatopoeia.
These examples are used to:
Describe animal sounds. For example:
Here he miaowed, and was greeted by Elaine and Concha. (“Ming’s Biggest Prey”)
Ming went flying backward, claws scraping the deck, but his hind leg went over the edge. (“Ming’s Biggest Prey”)
Describe sounds imitating by things (machines or taols, etc):
For some time he followed closely a party of some ten or twelve roisterers; but from this number one by one dropped off,… (“The Man of the Crowd”)
…swallow this bumper to the health of your absent friends,… (“Hop-Frog”)
It was interrupted by a low, but harsh and protracted grating sound… (“Hop-Frog”)
Hop-Frog, clinging to the chain as it rose,… (“Hop-Frog”)
…so that Mrs. White said, "Tut, tut!" and coughed gently as her husband entered the room, followed by a tall burly man, beady of eye and rubicund of visage. (“The Monkey's Paw”)
Mr. White dropped it back into his pocket,…(“The Monkey's Paw”)
A fine crash from the piano greeted the words, interrupted by a shuddering cry from the old man. (“The Monkey's Paw”)
For a few moments, the loudest sound was the chug-chug-chug of the boat’s motor. (“Ming’s Biggest Prey”)
Then the telephone rang. (“Ming’s Biggest Prey”)
Describe sounds imitating by people (sighing, laughter, patter of feet, etc):
The waver, the jostle, and the hum increased in a tenfold degree. (“The Man of the Crowd”)
I saw the old man gasp as if for breath while he threw himself amid the crowd;…(“The Man of the Crowd”)
When the floorwalker was not looking Masie chewed tutti frutti;… (“A Lickperry lover”) Скрыть
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