Достоинства и недостатки футбольного закона Босман
Table of contents
1. The Bosman case and the Bosman ruling
2. Pros and cons of the Bosman ruling
1.Kesenne S. The Peculiar International Economics of Professional Football in Europe // Scottish Journal of Political Economy 2007, 388-399
2.Binder J. The Effects of the Bosman Ruling on National and Club Teams in Europe. / University of Illinois (Chicago), 2009
3.Blanpain R., Inston R. The Bosman Case. / Sweet & Maxwell: London, 1996
4.McArdle D. From Boot Money to Bosman: Football Society and the Law. / Cavendish: London, 2000
5.Williams J. A game for rough girls?: a history of women's football in Britain. / Routledge: London, 2003
Association football is widely considered to be the most popular sport in the world. The modern game was codified in England following the formation of The Football Association, whose 1863 Laws of the Game created the foundations for the way the sport is played today. Football is governed internationally by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (International Federation of Association Football), commonly known by the acronym FIFA. The FIFA headquarters are located in Zürich. Six regional confederations are associated with FIFA: Asian Football Confederation (AFC), Confederation of African Football (CAF), Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF), Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), Oceania Football Confederation (OFC),
Показать все Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol Confederação Sul-americana de Futebol (South American Football Confederation; CONMEBOL). The most prestigious international football competition is the FIFA World Cup, held every four years.
Football culture refers to the cultural aspects surrounding the game of association football. In many countries, football has ingrained itself into the national culture, and parts of life may revolve around it. Many countries have daily football newspapers, as well as football magazines. Football players, especially in the top levels of the game, have become role models for people. The game has become glamourised, with many children practicing the game and aspiring to the wealth shown off by the top footballers.
However, football in its various forms is quite clearly constructed to protect male dominance. Although women's football has been played for a long time, it was usually associated only with charity games and physical exercise. The women's football had its first golden age in the UK in early 1920s when some matches achieved over 50,000 spectators. However in 5 December 1921 England's Football Association voted to ban the game from grounds used by its member clubs. That ban was cancelled only in July 1971. Thus, before the 1970s, association football was mostly seen as a men's game. Women's football faced many struggles throughout its fight for right. The growth in women's football has seen major competitions being launched at both national and international level. Скрыть
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