Социо-лингвистический аспект современного американского общества
Social problems of the USA and their solutions
CHAPTER 1. ESTIMATION OF THE CURRENT SOCIAL PROBLEMS
1.2.Language barrier as a problem of social integration in the multinational community
CHAPTER 2 DISCRIMINATION AND ADDICTION
2.1 Race discrimination
2.4Drug, alcohol and tobacco addiction
Considering official language priorities and disregard of the national minorities languages,
Analyzing a variety of human rights discrimination (race, gander);
Focusing on criminality and addiction as reflection of the peoples’ dissatisfaction with the current social system of the US as it is;
Evaluating the US social policy efficiency in whole and failures to resolve particular problems.
The paper consists of the introduction, two parts – theoretical and practical, conclusion and bibliography.
Chapter 1 “Estimation of the current social problems” reviews such problems as unemployment, language barrier as a problem of social integration in the multinational community and property status
Chapter 2 “Discrimination and addiction” deals with race and gender discrimination, criminality an
Показать всеd addictions: drug, alcohol and tobacco addiction.
In each of the chapters to follow, the discussion of a given problem is concluded by a special section on social policy. After a sketch of the major strategies for solution of the problem, each alternative policy is analyzed in terms of its ability to reduce human suffering in the real social world. A final policy segment engages in evaluating the evidence about the past, present, and future effectiveness of the alternative social programs.
The present graduation paper deals with the social problems of the USA and the ways American society solves them.
The interrelationship of problem diagnoses and prescriptions brings to mind a specific trend in American social policy. In the place of simplistic victim-blaming theories (like that of the disreputable poor), there is a widespread tendency to view problem people as not responsible for their personal failings. If, for instance, alcoholics, rapists, and child abusers are troubled by something that can be called illness, the proper policy is one that gives them personal therapy.
The well-known individualism of American culture naturally leads us to see problems as inside individuals. But society, actually, does not seem to be a mere sum of every citizen’s problems – it is much more complex, so the whole society’s problems should be resolved nationally. Even with the limits imposed by the subjective dimension, the case made here for scientific sociology might make you wonder why you live in a society in which social problems are necessary. The whole nation is all part of the reason. The interrelationship of individuals and institutions is an intricate one, presenting imposing barriers to both understanding and change.
Such social problems as high unemployment rates, priority of English over other languages, striking difference in property and housing, race and gender discrimination, growth of criminality and drug addiction seem to us the most essential, as they show that American society is not fair in its approach to wealth distribution, outline the growing dissatisfaction with the traditional American system of values, lack of opportunity for lots of the residents to carry out their intentions, great number of citizens’ incapability of providing themselves and their family with the most essential democratic society rights such as free competition on the job market, lack of any national, cultural and linguistic bias resulting in discrimination of many sorts. Скрыть
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