Chapter 1. The present level of cooperation between Russia and the Islamic world
1.1 Russia policy towards the Islamic world
1.2 Islamic policy towards Russia
Chapter 2. Threats and opportunities of Russian-Islamic cooperation
2.1 Mutual interests and the field for cooperation
2.2 The main problems and challenges and possible solutions to them.
Chapter 3. The influence of the process of the globalization on Russian-Islamic relations
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Once Russia withdrew from Afghanistan, it ceased to be a target of both Muslim propaganda and military (terrorist) action. There were individual cases of anti-Russian propaganda and even some sporadic, half-hearted preparations for terrorist action (for instance against Russian diplomats in Iraq). But there was very little general Muslim solidarity with Russian Muslims and their political demands. Likewise, Russian Muslims showed little interest in the affairs of their coreligionists in other countries. An appeal to contribute money to the victims of the Gaza campaign in 2009 yielded 100,000 rubles, not an impressive sum considering the presence of more than 20 million Muslims in Russia”. Chapter 2. Threats and opportunities of Russian-Islamic cooperation2.1 Mutual interests and the field
Показать все for cooperationSome experts mention that the most important issue in Russian-Islamic cooperation is oil. Here two aspects seem to be the most important ones – cooperation with Organization of Petrol Exporting Countries (OPEC), which mostly consists of Islamic countries and cooperation with such countries as Algeria, Iraq, Libya. Speaking about OPEC, it should be mentioned that “over the past decade and a half, OPEC has welcomed the support to its market-stabilisation measures from Russia. Due to the fact that Russia is the world’s second-largest crude oil producer and exporter and that it is the number-one gas producer and exporter, this has greatly enhanced the effectiveness of these measures”.Even though it is known that OPEC and Russia are competitors it seems that they both are interested in a constructive dialogue. “In the beginning of the year 2000 Russia takes part in meeting organized by OPEC as observer and after the 11th September 2001 agreed to reduce oil supplies to the market”.Speaking about relations with different Islamic countries, it is important to mention relations with Saudi Arabia. “In the end of the 90th huge hopes on potential possibilities of this country to invest money in Russian Fuel and Energy Complex appeared”. Till the year 2002 the relations seemed to be stabled and showed not that many outstanding results but in the year 2002 the situation changed. Because of geopolitical counteraction between Russia, Saudi Arabia and the USA. In the end of the conflict the Russian party showed that it doesn’t want to compete with Saudi oil on American market and the relations became again stable.The relations of Russia and Iraq had positive results till the year 2002 when the contract with LukOil was recalled because of contacts of LukOil with the parties which were in opposition to Saddam Hussein.Cooperation of Russia and Islam countries in the sphere of weapons is much dependent on political atmosphere which exists at the very moment.Total sum of weapon purchase to Muslim countries in lower than to the main partners of Russia – China and India. From 1995 till 2005 Russian export of weapons reached $ 48,7 billiard, almost 60% of which are for China and India.In 2004 export of weapons to Middle East and North Africa has reached only 10% of the total figures.Nevertheless, Russia yet doesn't wish to exclude possibility of sale of the weapon to Iran, Syria, Sudan or Venezuela. It can be explained in the following way:- Iran. Russia doesn’t want to sell the weapon breaking multilateral arrangements or internal laws, and to export products which can raise ability of Iran to create weapons of mass destruction. At the same time, sale of such systems of air defense as Torahs-M1, justify that their appointment – defensive (range of defeat of 12 kilometers). Though the representative of Ministry of Foreign Affairs Kisljak has told on October, 18th plans of saling to Iran С-300 don't break neither Russian, nor the international laws or arrangements.- Syria. Russia also asserts that its sales have defensive character, and specifies in the decision to stop sailing MANPAD. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs asserts that the Russian weapon used by "Hezbollah" in 2006, wasn't a subject of deliberate transfer of the Syrian government as it was the weapon left by the Syrian armies after they left Lebanon.- Sudan. The Russian authorities deny any forms of trafficking arms with this regime, asserting that Russia doesn't break sanctions of the United Nations or Putin's declaration. - Venezuela. Both officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Russian experts consider that behind a position of the USA there is a mentality of "the doctrine of Monroe", and not the real concern about regional stability.2.2 The main problems and challenges and possible solutions to them.Nowadays problems exist in the relation of Russia and Islamic world. But still there is a chance to overcome them and make the relations more or less stable. As it was said: “We are threatened with the same dangers. Скрыть
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