The activity of composers of Viennese classical school is based on the artistic experience of their predecessors and contemporaries, including Italian and French opera and instrumental culture and achievements of German music. Music folklore of multinational Austria played a huge role in the formation of the Viennese classical school. Art of Viennese classics is closely associated with the general rise of Austro-German culture, with clearance, which reflected the humanistic ideals of the third class on the eve of the French Revolution.
Representatives of the Viennese classical art school are characterized by the universality of creative thinking, logic, clarity of artistic form. Sense and intellect, tragic and comic, accurate calculation and naturalness, ease of expression are organic
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The dynamic understanding of life processes, which has the most complete realization in the sonata form is greatly expressed in the work of Viennese classics. Music of the Viennese Classical School composers is a new stage in the development of musical thinking, as their musical language is characterized by a strict ordering, internal diversity, richness. In the result of their work the classic types of musical structures have formed.
The heyday of Viennese classical school coincided with the general process of development of the symphony orchestra, especially its stable structure and functional orchestral groups.
Each of the masters of the Viennese classical school has a unique personality. Haydn and Beethoven worked in the field of instrumental music, Mozart equally distinguished himself in the opera, and instrumental genres. Haydn tended to like folk genre images, humor, joke, Beethoven preferred heroics, Mozart, being a versatile artist, liked to reflect various shades of lyrical emotions in his music.
Works of composers of the Viennese classical school, which belongs to the richness of world culture, had a huge impact on the further development of music. As we’ve mentioned above, in the works of composers of the Viennese school many musical genres received their classical form. We will consider the most significant of them.
Symphony (Greek “harmony”) is the most complex form of instrumental music. It is designed to be performed by a symphony orchestra. This great genre allows to express by music means various philosophical and moral ideas, talk about feelings and emotions. Genre of symphony formed in the mid 18th century mainly in the work of representatives of the Viennese classical school. Скрыть
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